3D Printing as a Tool in Environment Protection 2018-02-23T13:48:27+00:00

3D Printing as a Tool in Environment Protection

Marianna Zichar

Description

Keywords: 3D printing; 3D modeling; waste reduction; environment protection; 3D printing as a service; innovation

H2020 challenge: Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials

Knowledge and skills (P: prerequisite; D: desirable, but not necessary): basic ICT knowledge (P); to have interest in 3D printing (P); experience in 3D technologies (D); to be curious and prolific Internet researcher (D)

One of the most important tasks for humans is to save the earth for the next generations. There are so many fields where changes should be done in order to protect our environment. Latest inventions in technology, such as 3D printing, can support this intention efficiently. If an enterprise could offer special services for people, which are beneficial for them and also for the environment, why not to launch a start-up company with this objective [1]? For example, broken part of devices can be reproduced with a 3D printer preventing it to become waste. Or 3D printed objects can be used to prolong the lifetime of devices, household gadgets, etc. Reducing the amount of waste is of high importance [2]. Let us imagine that we would like to start an enterprise based on the mentioned idea: to provide 3D printing as a service. What we have to do first is to overview what kind of devices, raw materials, special skills, software products, business plan we would need to have success. It is also of high importance that what kind of printing services the people may be interested in. Usage of environment friendly materials and technologies could be an added value to the success of the enterprise.

[1] T. Koslow, “Best 3D Printing Companies 2017 – The 40 Most Innovative”, Available:  https://all3dp.com/1/top-3d-printing-companies-3d-printer-manufacturers/

[2] J. Constantino, “3D Printing and Environmental Sustainability”, 2015. Available: https://blogs.baruch.cuny.edu/3djasminec/files/2015/12/3DP-Article.pdf

[3] What is 3D printing, A definitive guide to additive manufacturing, Available: https://www.3dhubs.com/what-is-3d-printing#a-brief-history-of-3d-printing

[4] K. V. Wong, A. Hernandez, “A Review of Additive Manufacturing”, International Scholarly Research Network ISRN Mechanical Engineering, Volume 2012, 10 pages, Available: http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/isrn.mechanical.engineering/2012/208760.pdf

[5] TE. Halterman. “New research says that a new bioeconomy may be driven by 3D printed cellulose materials”, 2015.  Available: https://3dprint.com/70827/3d-printed-cellulose-materials/

[6] P. Holzmann, R. J. Breitenecker, A. A. Soomro, E. J. Schwarz, “User entrepreneur business models in 3D printing”, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 28 Issue: 1, pp. 75-94, 2017. Available: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/JMTM-12-2015-0115

[7] M. K. Niaki, F. Nonino, “Impact of additive manufacturing on business competitiveness: a multiple case study”, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 28 Issue: 1, pp. 56-74, 2017. Available: https://doi.org/10.1108/JMTM-01-2016-0001

[8] O. Reichardt, “3D Printing and its Impacts on Society”, 2014. Available: https://www.thersa.org/discover/publications-and-articles/rsa-blogs/2014/01/3d-printing-and-its-impact-on-society#

[9] A. Pirjan, D. M. Petrosanu, “The Impact of 3D Printing Technology on the Society and Economy”, Journal of Information Systems & Operations Management, Vol. 7 Issue: 2, pp. 360-370, 2013. Available: ftp://ftp.repec.org/opt/ReDIF/RePEc/rau/jisomg/Wi13/JISOM-WI13-A19.pdf

A desktop 3D printer based on the FDM technology
A desktop 3D printer based on the FDM technology
Case for an electronic toothbrush designed by a student (to replace a broken one)
Case for an electronic toothbrush designed by a student (to replace a broken one)

Questions that need answers

  • The topics that should be discussed first by the team:
    • Basics of 3D printing as a representative of additive technology [3], [4].
    • Which is the most practical 3D printer type to purchase first for the company?
    • The topics that should be discussed first by the team:
    • Overview and classification of raw materials [5].
    • First steps in getting to know a free design software.
  • In case of a start-up company dealing with 3D printing as a service, the following business aspects should be reviewed first [6], [7]:
    • Student teams will need to determine what services the company will provide.
    • Student teams will need to identify potential customer segments for services they will develop.
    • Student teams will identify what kind of interfaces they can use to reach the potential customers.
    • Student teams will explore how the cost of their services can be determined.
  • 3D printing can not only reform the producing, but can change the behaviour of customers due to having societal aspects as well [8], [9]:
    • Student teams will explore how 3D printing can have positive impact to environment protection by extending the lifecycle of objects, gadgets, etc.
    • Student teams will identify the advantages of 3D printing that support the environment protection.
    • Student teams will overview what skills an employee should have to be able to make 3D models.
    • Student teams will investigate impacts of possible 3D printing services on labour market (including employment of people with some kinds of disabilities).

Technical Expert

Ildiko Papp does not have a photo :(

Ildiko Papp

Lecturer

Marianna Zichar does not have a photo :(

Marianna Zichar

UNIDEB Team Leader, Lecturer

Business Expert

Aurora Alonso Urbano does not have a photo :(

Aurora Alonso Urbano

Lecturer

Societal Expert

Marianna Zichar does not have a photo :(

Marianna Zichar

UNIDEB Team Leader, Lecturer

Case study students (Group 1)

Robert Toth does not have a photo :(

Robert Toth

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Alba Vicente Olmo does not have a photo :(

Alba Vicente Olmo

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Peter Gulyas does not have a photo :(

Peter Gulyas

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Marin Bencevic does not have a photo :(

Marin Bencevic

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Case study students (Group 2)

Ioan Iova does not have a photo :(

Ioan Iova

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Kaab Rustam does not have a photo :(

Kaab Rustam

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Adam Majtan does not have a photo :(

Adam Majtan

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student

Ivaylo Vladimirov does not have a photo :(

Ivaylo Vladimirov

TeamSoc21 Zagreb2018 Student