IoT (Internet of Things) technology can facilitate the operation of utility providers (electricity, gas, water) . The public utility providers usually have units for consumption measurement (meters) at each consumer location without the possibility to read the consumption information remotely. This implies a vast number of meters that need to be physically frequented in regular intervals by the provider to acquire consumption information.
With IoT, a provider can acquire the measurement information remotely, without the need to physically access each meter or without the need for consumers to read the consumption values themselves and send the data to providers. These units are referred to as smart meters . The deployment of smart meters increases the comfort of consumers since they do not have to take part in consumption reading and delivery process. Remote meter reading can be performed at a short distance, e.g., from a moving car on the street with a receiver, or at long distance by using stationary base stations . Various technologies can be used for connecting smart meters with utility provider charging systems.
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